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ZZ from Official Google Blog

January 13, 2010 3 comments

A new approach to China

1/12/2010 03:00:00 PM

Like many other well-known organizations, we face cyber attacks of varying degrees on a regular basis. In mid-December, we detected a highly sophisticated and targeted attack on our corporate infrastructure originating from China that resulted in the theft of intellectual property from Google. However, it soon became clear that what at first appeared to be solely a security incident–albeit a significant one–was something quite different.

First, this attack was not just on Google. As part of our investigation we have discovered that at least twenty other large companies from a wide range of businesses–including the Internet, finance, technology, media and chemical sectors–have been similarly targeted. We are currently in the process of notifying those companies, and we are also working with the relevant U.S. authorities.

Second, we have evidence to suggest that a primary goal of the attackers was accessing the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists. Based on our investigation to date we believe their attack did not achieve that objective. Only two Gmail accounts appear to have been accessed, and that activity was limited to account information (such as the date the account was created) and subject line, rather than the content of emails themselves.

Third, as part of this investigation but independent of the attack on Google, we have discovered that the accounts of dozens of U.S.-, China- and Europe-based Gmail users who are advocates of human rights in China appear to have been routinely accessed by third parties. These accounts have not been accessed through any security breach at Google, but most likely via phishing scams or malware placed on the users’ computers.

We have already used information gained from this attack to make infrastructure and architectural improvements that enhance security for Google and for our users. In terms of individual users, we would advise people to deploy reputable anti-virus and anti-spyware programs on their computers, to install patches for their operating systems and to update their web browsers. Always be cautious when clicking on links appearing in instant messages and emails, or when asked to share personal information like passwords online. You can read more here about our cyber-security recommendations. People wanting to learn more about these kinds of attacks can read this U.S. government report (PDF), Nart Villeneuve’s blog and this presentation on the GhostNet spying incident.

We have taken the unusual step of sharing information about these attacks with a broad audience not just because of the security and human rights implications of what we have unearthed, but also because this information goes to the heart of a much bigger global debate about freedom of speech. In the last two decades, China’s economic reform programs and its citizens’ entrepreneurial flair have lifted hundreds of millions of Chinese people out of poverty. Indeed, this great nation is at the heart of much economic progress and development in the world today.

We launched Google.cn in January 2006 in the belief that the benefits of increased access to information for people in China and a more open Internet outweighed our discomfort in agreeing to censor some results. At the time we made clear that "we will carefully monitor conditions in China, including new laws and other restrictions on our services. If we determine that we are unable to achieve the objectives outlined we will not hesitate to reconsider our approach to China."

These attacks and the surveillance they have uncovered–combined with the attempts over the past year to further limit free speech on the web–have led us to conclude that we should review the feasibility of our business operations in China. We have decided we are no longer willing to continue censoring our results on Google.cn, and so over the next few weeks we will be discussing with the Chinese government the basis on which we could operate an unfiltered search engine within the law, if at all. We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google.cn, and potentially our offices in China.

The decision to review our business operations in China has been incredibly hard, and we know that it will have potentially far-reaching consequences. We want to make clear that this move was driven by our executives in the United States, without the knowledge or involvement of our employees in China who have worked incredibly hard to make Google.cn the success it is today. We are committed to working responsibly to resolve the very difficult issues raised.

 
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This is really sad.
这真的是悲伤的一天。
没有facebook,twitter甚至youtube都忍受下来了,可是google…
一大早上班就看到铺天盖地的新闻,到了下午看各种评论,真是有点哀伤。
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Categories: IT news

Google and Real estate

July 26, 2005 Leave a comment
据说最近硅谷一带的房产被google员工爆炒——
这些人最近在google上市之后,一夜之间成为百万富翁。
这只是一个引子,我只是想说说我的感受。
 
google现在的一举一动几乎牵扯着全世界IT人的神经。
在中国,这种影响尤其明显——特别是对各大名校的应届生而言。
和当时的MS一样,它的研发中心还是设在北京。
尽管我无数次祈祷google总部能安居上海,但其实心里也知道这是不可能的。
google上海办事处安家在徐家汇,世贸商城,甲级写字楼。
 
PS:前些天有点动摇,觉得一个人很无助,而且对某人产生了感觉。
    不知道哪个是因哪个是果,现在已经结束。
    现在想想,始终是值得记录的一件事情:
    我已经许久许久没有对任何男生产生感觉了——
    它证明了我是正常的,hehe
 
Categories: IT news

GLAT

July 26, 2005 Leave a comment
GLAT——Google Labs Aptitude Test
 
1. Solve this cryptic equation, realizing of
course that values for M and E could be
interchanged. No leading zeros are allowed.

WWWDOT – GOOGLE = DOTCOM

2. Write a haiku describing possible methods
for predicting search traffic seasonality.

3.
1
1 1
2 1
1 2 1 1
1 1 1 2 2 1

What is the next line?

4. You are in a maze of twisty little passages,
all alike. There is a dusty laptop here with a
weak wireless connection. There are dull,
lifeless gnomes strolling about. What dost
thou do?

A) Wander aimlessly, bumping into
obstacles until you are eaten by a grue.
B) Use the laptop as a digging device to
tunnel to the next level.
C) Play MPoRPG until the battery dies
along with your hopes.
D) Use the computer to map the nodes
of the maze and discover an exit path.
E) Email your resume to Google, tell the
lead gnome you quit and find yourself
in whole different world.

5. What’s broken with Unix?
How would you fix it?

6. On your first day at Google, you discover
that your cubicle mate wrote the textbook
you used as a primary resource in your first
year of graduate school. Do you:

A) Fawn obsequiously and ask if you
can have an autograph.
B) Sit perfectly still and use only soft
keystrokes to avoid disturbing her
concentration.
C) Leave her daily offerings of granola
and English toffee from the food bins.

D) Quote your favorite formula from the
textbook and explain how it’s now
your mantra.
E) Show her how example 17b could
have been solved with 34 fewer lines
of code.
7. Which of the following expresses Google□
over-arching philosophy?

A) "I’m feeling lucky"
B) "Don’t be evil"
C) "Oh, I already fixed that"
D) "You should never be more than
50 feet from food"
E) All of the above

8. How many different ways can you color an
icosahedron with one of three colors on
each face?

What colors would you choose?

9. This space left intentionally blank. Please fill it
with something that improves upon emptiness.

10.On an infinite, two-dimensional, rectangular
lattice of 1-ohm resistors, what is the
resistance between two nodes that are a
knight’s move away?

11.It’s 2 PM on a sunny Sunday afternoon in the
Bay Area. You’re minutes from the Pacific
Ocean, redwood forest hiking trails and world
class cultural attractions. What do you do?

12.In your opinion, what is the most beautiful
math equation ever derived?

13. Which of the following is NOT an actual
interest group formed by Google employees?

A. Women’s basketball
B. Buffy fans
C. Cricketeers
D. Nobel winners
E. Wine club

14.What will be the next great improvement in
search technology?

15.What is the optimal size of a project team,
above which additional members do not
contribute productivity equivalent to the
percentage increase in the staff size?
A) 1
B) 3
C) 5
D) 11
E) 24

16.Given a triangle ABC, how would you use only
a compass and straight edge to find a point P
such that triangles ABP, ACP and BCP have
equal perimeters? (Assume that ABC is
constructed so that a solution does exist.)

17.Consider a function which, for a given whole
number n, returns the number of ones required
when writing out all numbers between 0 and n.
For example, f(13)=6. Notice that f(1)=1. What
is the next largest n such that f(n)=n?

18.What’s the coolest hack you’ve ever written?

19.’Tis known in refined company, that choosing
K things out of N can be done in ways as
many as choosing N minus K from N: I pick K,
you the remaining.

Find though a cooler bijection, where you show
a knack uncanny, of making your choices contain
all K of mine. Oh, for pedantry: let K be no more
than half N.

20.What number comes next in the sequence:
10, 9, 60, 90, 70, 66,?

A)96
B) 1000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000
C) Either of the above
D) None of the above

21.In 29 words or fewer, describe what you
would strive to accomplish if you worked
at Google Labs. 

Categories: IT news

Google is coming

July 26, 2005 Leave a comment
摘录:    
      一位住在美国西雅图的朋友告诉记者,最近几天,当地报纸、广播、电视都在连篇累牍地关注着微软公司前全球副总裁李开复闪电跳槽到Google公司的事。 

  今天,刚刚从美国飞抵北京的李开复博士接受本报专访,首次坦言跳槽缘由,并且传递出惊人消息,他将要构建的Google中国工程研究院里会有9成以上的职位提供给中国的应届毕业生。 

  “Google的激情魔力令我震撼”

  “我已经为Google工作了三天半,每天遇到的细节都不断地提示我,这是一次正确的选择。”谈及为何离开微软,刚刚上任的Google公司全球副总裁、中国区总裁李开复说,跳槽到Google是因为这家公司的文化与他个人的价值理念更加契合。 

  李开复说,加盟Google实际是受了他很多朋友的影响。他发现他认识的一些资深研究者和科学家去了Google后,以前憔悴的面容消失了,变得充满了活力,而且还把工作当成一种享受。 

  朋友们的状态让李开复回想起他曾经给中国学生写过的一封信《成功就是成为最好的你自己》。当时他告诉学生,“为了成为最好的你自己,最重要的是要发挥自己所有的潜力,追逐最感兴趣和最有激情的事情。”李开复说,当一个人对某个领域感兴趣时,他会在走路、上课或洗澡时都对它念念不忘,这样就容易在该领域取得成功。有激情,就可能为它废寝忘食,连睡觉时想起一个主意都会跳起来。这时候,人们已经不是为了成功而工作,而是为了“享受”而工作了。 

  那些去Google的朋友的状态,让他也想去Google试试能不能发挥自己所有的潜力。而他听说Google要在中国建公司后,就开始和该公司接触。 

  李开复说,和Google“恋爱”,他感受到这家公司的文化是:一群穿着短裤的年轻人,对新技术创新有极大的热情;对诚信的追求近乎执著;员工之间关系平等、自由和透明;先让客户满意,暂时不赚钱也没关系。 

  而在三天半的“蜜月”里,李开复第一天就看到了Google的诚信原则。一位新同事在讨论公司发展规划时提出“先发制人”的战略,在别的公司,他可能受到重视,但周围的人马上说,这是邪恶、不诚信的。你希望别人这么对我们吗?这位同事很不好意思地收回了他的意见。 

  尽管李开复目前还是微软起诉的对象,但说起自己的老东家,李开复依然充满了感激之情,他说和比尔·盖茨共事的那些日子,即使到了他迟暮之年也会记忆犹新。 

  “最能打动我的是回到中国舞台”

  除了公司文化,最能打动李开复的是Google公司能让他回到中国的舞台。李开复说,在自己的职业规划中,他最看重两件事:做人们需要的技术创新,为中国学生做点事情。而Google能满足他最看重的这两件事。 

  关注青年,帮助青年占据了李开复大部分业余时间,他有时为了和一些机构讨论教育问题,专程从美国飞回来,他还专门办了一个替青年人解决心理难题的网站,亲自回答青年人的提问。但是,东西半球飞来飞去、在中国只能短暂停留的方式已经不能满足他对中国青年问题的关注,他希望能找一份在中国的工作,可以留在中国思考更多的问题。而Google不仅给了李开复中国的舞台,而且还十分看好李开复关注中国青年这个个人爱好。 

  李开复说,今后他每年去高校演讲的时间将远远多于过去任何一年,他准备进一步完善自己的网站,不仅自己回答问题,还要把网站建成一个青年人之间共享信息的百科全书。 

  另外,写书、写信也是他继续传授成功理念的平台。李开复说,最近休假期间他又给中国学生写了5封信,涉及毕业时如何择业,有好机会时怎样跳槽,如何融会中西方文化等。 

  李开复为微软服务时所创建的微软亚洲研究院不仅承担着技术创新的任务,还承担了不少政府公关任务,微软亚洲研究院和中国教育部门、高校建立了良好的关系,不仅投入上亿元资金给教育部门实施“长城计划”,还在几十所高校建立了微软实验室,每年招聘数百名实习生。 

  李开复将会怎样影响Google,像在微软时那样投入和关注中国的教育? 

  李开复回答,他是一个喜欢创新的人,原来用过的模式不一定会被采用。 

  95%的职位将给应届毕业生

  7年前,在中国创办微软亚洲研究院初期,李开复曾被媒体戴上了“微软最大猎头”的头衔———18个月的工作,他为研究院留下了60多位年轻、杰出的科学家,组成了7个世界一流的研究组。创办微软亚洲研究院不仅吸引了世界一流的科学家来中国做研究,更培养了世界一流的本土科学家,为优秀的中国学者提供了最好的科研条件,让他们一开始就站在国际前沿从事研究工作。 

  那么这次李开复会不会引起一轮新的人才争夺战? 

  这几天有媒体猜测说,李开复回到中国可能会引起老东家微软的担忧,李开复会不会用自己的个人魅力挖走一批人? 

  李开复今天答复说,他绝对不会从他原来工作过的公司挖人。 

  李开复还有更出人意料的答复,他说,这个新工程院95%的职位要留给应届毕业生。原因很简单,Google总部就是一个年轻的公司,虽然也有很多资深的、很大牌的顶级研究人员,但大部分员工都是20多岁的年轻人,Google总部那种一大群年轻人穿着短裤进行技术研发的文化也将被带到中国。当然他也会从Google总部或者是硅谷游说一批资深的专家和他一起到中国创业。 

  李开复认为,Google今天迅速成长的秘诀是,“青年、自由、新创新模式、大众利益、诚信”,如果他能把Google的秘诀带到中国,不就可以让更多的中国青年人创造出中国的Google奇迹了吗? 

  今天,李开复多次提到诚信。而一些读者却对李开复跳槽事件是否符合诚信原则提出了质疑。 

  李开复坦率地说,过去他确实在公开场合提到,微软给他提供了“做有影响力的事情的舞台”,要不是退休的话他不会离开微软,如果要离开除非有更好的平台。但李开复认为,Google给他提供了更好的发展平台,他能做更有影响力的事,所以他有权利作出新的选择。 

 
 
Categories: IT news